Different types of farming are practised in all parts of India as the land’s climate, fertilizer capacity, and land size are different in other parts of the country. About 50 percent of India’s population is dependent on agriculture. The government is taking every essential step to promote agriculture. To make the farmers of the country self-reliant in the field of agriculture, it is also benefiting from various types of schemes. In such a situation, farmers’ inclination towards farming has started growing. Farmers are giving more attention to cultivating cash crops instead of traditional agriculture.
Today we are going to tell you about the cultivation of one such cash crop. Once cultivated, it can be grown for many years. You can earn 2 to 2.5 lakh rupees per acre by producing cloves annually. Clove is a spice-category crop. Therefore, its demand in the market is always there. It is also used as medicine. Being bitter, it is used in disinfectants and analgesics. Farmers can earn a turnover of lakhs of rupees by cultivating cloves.
Uses Of Clove
Clove farming is cultivated as a spice crop. Its fruits are widely used in spices. Along with this, it is also used in Ayurvedic medicines. The effect of cloves is more hot, due to which in the winter season, drinking a decoction of cloves provides relief in case of cold. Clove oil is used to flavour foods as well as in a variety of industrial products. Clove oil is used in the use of toothpaste, toothache medicine, and medicine for stomach ailments. In Hinduism, cloves are also used in worship and havan. Clove is an evergreen plant whose full-grown plant gives output for many years, and clove plant lives for 150 years. Therefore, farmer brothers can get longer yields by cultivating cloves.
The clove is an evergreen plant. Its plants need more rain. Also, its plant cannot withstand strong sunlight and cold. Therefore, its plants require favourable weather for proper growth. The climate of different parts of the country and the fertilizer capacity of the land is different. Due to favourable weather conditions in the country, clove is cultivated in the Konkan region of Maharashtra.
Suitable Soil And Climate
Clove cultivation is ideal in those areas of India where the climate is tropical and hot. The cultivation of cloves needs sandy loam soil and a moist tropical climate. Its production should not be done in waterlogged land. In the event of waterlogging, the condition of its plants worsens. Clove plants need moderate rainfall, and excessive sunlight and winter frost are harmful to their plants. Therefore, its farming is not possible in cold and heavy rainfall places. A shady place and 30 to 35-degree temperature are required for good growth of the plants. The land pH value for its cultivation should be between 6.5 to 7.5.
Land Preparation For Clove
A clove plant gives a yield for about 150 years when it is fully developed, but the excellent yield of a clove is only for 26 years. Therefore, before harvesting cloves, the field should be well prepared. First of all, deep slant ploughing of the field should be done, due to which the remnants of the old crop will be completely destroyed. After this, get two to three ploughings done by using a Mahindra tractor, because it is India’s no 1 tractor for the field.
Due to this the soil will become friable, after that once again plough the field by putting a pat, so that the field will be completely level, and there will be no water logging. After this, keeping a distance of 15 to 20 feet in the field, one metre wide and one to two feet deep pits should be prepared. While preparing these pits, a proper amount of natural and chemical fertilizers should be mixed in the soil and filled in the holes. After filling the soil in the pits, they should be irrigated intensely so that the water reaches the inside well.
Planting Method And Season
Some matured fruits from the clove tree are collected to prepare clove seeds. After that, they are taken out and kept. When the seeds are to be sown, then first soak them overnight. Then remove the seed pods before sowing. Keep in mind that the seeds should be treated before preparing the plants from the seeds. Since it takes 2 years to prepare plants from clove seeds, you can buy its plants from a government-registered nursery if you want. This will save your time and get the yield soon.
Its ready plants are considered quite suitable for planting in the rainy season. During this, less irrigation is required, and the humidity remains in the season, which is more beneficial for the germination of plants. Clove plants are planted in the pits prepared in the field before which a small pit is made in these pits. Then plants are grown in these small pits and covered well with soil. Cloves are cultivated in mixed farming. Therefore its plants can also be sown in walnut or coconut orchards. Due to this, the plants get a shady environment, and the plant develops well.
Its plants require more irrigation. Therefore, the initial irrigation should be done immediately after transplanting. If the plants are planted during the rainy season, irrigation should be done only when required. Apart from this, the plants which have been planted in the summer season, they must be watered once a week. In the winter season, its plants should be watered at an interval of 15 to 20 days.
Clove plants need little fertilizer in the beginning. For this, while preparing the pits, 15 to 20 kg old dung manure and about 100 grams of NPK are used in each pit. The amount is given in the holes for a month from the time of transplanting of plants. Along with the growth of its plant, the amount of fertilizer should also be increased. Plants should be watered immediately after fertilizing.
Harvesting, Yield And Profit
Clove plants start giving yield after a long time, about 4 to 5 years after transplanting. Clove fruits appear like clusters in plants, which are pink in colour. Its flowers should be plucked before they bloom. Fresh buds are green with a red tint. Its fruit is a maximum of 2 cm. It is elongated, which, after drying, takes the form of cloves. The initial yield of cloves is very low, but once the plant is fully developed, about 2 to 3 kg of cloves are obtained in one plant. The market price of clove is between Rs.800 to Rs.1000, and more than 100 plants are ready in one acre of field. Accordingly, farmers can easily earn up to 2.5 to 3 lakh rupees by cultivating cloves.
In this way, we have described the complete process of Clove cultivation. Moreover, this crop will immensely benefit you to boost your farm’s income as the Clove holds a great market value. This is due to the need of spices in every Indian household and we cannot imagine our kitchens without spices.
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